A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Mission GIOTTO
URL ftp://npsa01.esac.esa.int/pub/mirror/GIOTTO/DID/GIO-C-DID-3-RDR-HALLEY-V1.0
DOI https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-h507r68
Abstract The GIO-C-DID-3-RDR-HALLEY-V1.0 data set contains the phase measurements of the dust impact detector instrument on board of the GIOTTO spacecraft of the European Space Agency. The data were obtained during the GIOTOO flyby on comet Halley in March 1986.
Description Data Set Overview = Dust Impact Detection System (DIDSY) consists of six independent subsystems with the primary aim of registering the impacts of all particulates of significant mass incident on the probe during the post-perihelion encounter with Comet Halley in 1986. Mounted on Giotto's front dust shield, the detectors will determine the mass spectrum of the dust, with a limiting sensitivity of some 10^^-17^^ g, increasing to the largest grain masses encountered along Giotto's trajectory through the cometary environment with an ultimate spatial resolution of some 70 km. An additional detector is located on the rear shield to monitor those dust particles (m > ~ 5 X 10^^-7^^ g) that are able to penetrate the front dust shield. An ambient plasma monitor is also incorporated into DIDSY to measure the inpact plasma generated by both dust and gas impacts on the spacecraft. The system is controlled and its data processed by a microprocessor-based system that allows the wide range of anticipated impact rates (varying from a few per minute, to ~ 10^6 s^^-1^^ at closest approach) to be handled. The instrument weighs 2.26 kg and consumes 1.9 W of power during normal operation. Sampling parameter : TIME Sampling parameter unit : SECOND Data set parameter : MASS Data set parameter unit : COUNTS
Instrument DID
Temporal Coverage 1986-03-13T23:01:00.900Z/1986-03-14T01:00:13.900Z
Version V1.0
Mission Description Mission Overview In 1978,ESA was invited by NASA to plan a joint mission consisting of a comet Halley fly-by in November 1985 and a rendezvous with comet Tempel 2 in 1988. The mission comprised an American main spacecraft which would carry a European probe. The main spacecraft, with its array of sophisticated cameras and experiments, would complete a fly-by of comet Halley at a safe distance. Shortly before fly-by, the probe would be released towards the nucleus to make detailed in-situ observations in the innermost coma. In January 1980, however, it became clear that financial support for the Halley Fly-by/Tempel 2 Rendezvous mission could not be secured in the USA. By that time the interest of European scientists had built up such momentum that ESA considered the possibility of a purely European mission. The support for a fly-by mission was strong in Europe and went far beyond the small section of scientists specialised in cometary research. A fly-by of comet Halley was suggested to ESA by the scientific community in February 1980. Rather than having the American spacecraft deliver the probe to the comet as in the earlier concept, the Europeans proposed that the capabilities of the small probe be increased by building an independent, self-sufficient spacecraft to be launched using the European Ariane rocket. The limited time available for development and the small financial resources made it advisable to use a spin-stabilised spacecraft derived from the European Earth orbiting spacecraft Geos. This proposal was studied by ESA in the first half of 1980. The European mission to comet Halley was named Giotto after the Italian painter Giotto di Bondone who depicted comet Halley as the `Star of Bethlehem' in one of his frescoes in the Scrovegni chapel in Padua in 1304. The Giotto mission was finally approved as ESA's first interplanetary mission on 7 July 1980. An Announcement of Opportunity was issued ...
Date Published 1992-04-30
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 1992-04-30, GIO-C-DID-3-RDR-HALLEY, V1.0. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-h507r68