A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name 074487
Title Cooling of the super-heated neutron star in MAXI J0556-332
URL

http://nxsa.esac.esa.int/nxsa-sl/servlet/data-action-aio?obsno=0744870201

DOI 10.5270/esa-3z8cuoy
Author Dr Jeroen Homan
Description Observing the cooling of neutron stars reheated by accretion provides unique insights into neutron-star structure. Here we propose an observation of the cooling neutron star in MAXI J0556-332, a transient that had been accreting at near-Eddington rates for 16 months when it returned to quiescence in May 2012. XMM and Chandra observations in quiescence have revealed a rapidly cooling neutron star with by far the highest temperatures observed to date for such systems. We request a 70 ks XMM observation of MAXI J0556-332 to cover a period during which rapid cooling may start evolving into a temperature plateau. Knowing when and at what level this occurs will help us in understanding the properties of the neutron-star crust, as we start probing its deeper layers.
Publication The Rotation of the Hot Gas around the Milky Way . Hodges-Kluck, Edmund J., Miller, Matthew J., . ApJ . 822-21 . 2016 . 2016ApJ...822...21H ,
The Million Optical - Radio-X-ray Associations (MORX) Catalogue . Flesch, Eric W., . PASA . 33-52 . 2016 . 2016PASA...33...52F ,
Different Accretion Heating of the Neutron Star Crust during Multiple Outbursts in MAXI J0556--332 . Parikh, Aastha S., Homan, Jeroen, et all. . ApJ . 851-28 . 2017 . 2017ApJ...851L..28P ,
A Study of Low-mass X-Ray Binaries in the Low-luminosity Regime . Sonbas, E., Dhuga, K. S., . ApJ . 853-150 . 2018 . 2018ApJ...853..150S ,
Instrument EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2
Temporal Coverage 2014-09-02T05:45:23Z/2014-09-03T03:58:43Z
Version 17.56_20190403_1200
Mission Description The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
Creator Contact https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/xmm-newton/xmm-newton-helpdesk
Date Published 2015-09-19T22:00:00Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2015-09-19T22:00:00Z, 074487, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-3z8cuoy