A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name 072292
Title The First X-ray Observations of Four Exotic New Millisecond Pulsars


DOI 10.5270/esa-4himcvw
Author Prof David Kaplan
Description We have discovered four nearby, exotic millisecond pulsars: one is a unique triple system; another orbits a very low-mass companion every 96 min; the others are part of Pulsar Timing Arrays. As such all of these pulsars will be the targets of considerable multi-wavelength observations over the next few years. Soft X-ray observations of millisecond pulsars are vital to understanding their thermal emission, neutron star heating, particle emission, and fundamental parameters such as mass and radius. We request 60 ks of XMM observations to detect the X-ray counterparts of these pulsars. By measuring their luminosities and temperatures we will help determine the efficiency of polar cap heating, and can plan for detailed phase-resolved observations.
Publication Ordinary X-Rays from Three Extraordinary Millisecond Pulsars: XMM-Newton Observations of PSRs J0337+1715, J0636+5129, and J0645+5158 . Spiewak, Renee, Kaplan, David L., et all. . ApJ . 822-37 . 2016 . 2016ApJ...822...37S ,
The Million Optical - Radio-X-ray Associations (MORX) Catalogue . Flesch, Eric W., . PASA . 33-52 . 2016 . 2016PASA...33...52F ,
NICER X-Ray Observations of Seven Nearby Rotation-powered Millisecond Pulsars . Guillot, Sebastien, Kerr, Matthew, et all. . ApJ . 887-27 . 2019 . 2019ApJ...887L..27G ,
Instrument EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2
Temporal Coverage 2013-08-01T20:35:42Z/2014-03-29T20:45:28Z
Version 17.56_20190403_1200
Mission Description The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
Creator Contact https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/xmm-newton/xmm-newton-helpdesk
Date Published 2015-04-11T22:00:00Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2015-04-11T22:00:00Z, 072292, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-4himcvw