|Title||Prompt study of magnetar outbursts with XMM-Newton|
|Author||Dr GianLuca Israel|
|Description||AXPs and SGRs are believed to be magnetars, ultra-magnetised neutron stars powered by huge magnetic fields. They are characterized by bursts, glitches, signicant variability in flux, spectral shape, pulse shape, pulsed fraction. They go through long stretches of quiescence, interrupted by periods of activity. Observations performed during, or immediately after such periods yield the largest amount of information on magnetars. emission, allowing to test the theoretical models on a variety of phenomena and source states. We propose a rapid ToO program aimed at gathering new physical insight on these sources, through the study of the very initial phases (within 10 days) of the outbursts of known or newly discovered magnetars.|
|Publication||The discovery, monitoring and environment of SGR J1935+2154 . Israel, G. L., Esposito, P., et all. . MNRAS . 457-3448 . 2016 . 2016MNRAS.457.3448I ,
Radio Pulsation Search and Imaging Study of SGR J1935+2154 . Surnis, Mayuresh. P., Joshi, Bhal Chandra, et all. . ApJ . 826-184 . 2016 . 2016ApJ...826..184S ,
The Million Optical - Radio-X-ray Associations (MORX) Catalogue . Flesch, Eric W., . PASA . 33-52 . 2016 . 2016PASA...33...52F ,
X-Ray and Radio Observations of the Magnetar SGR J1935+2154 during Its 2014, 2015, and 2016 Outbursts . Younes, George, Kouveliotou, Chryssa, et all. . ApJ . 847-85 . 2017 . 2017ApJ...847...85Y ,
Systematic study of magnetar outbursts . Coti Zelati, Francesco, Rea, Nanda, et all. . MNRAS . 474-961 . 2018 . 2018MNRAS.474..961C ,
|Instrument||EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2|
|Mission Description||The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
|Publisher And Registrant||European Space Agency|
|Credit Guidelines||European Space Agency, 2015-11-14T23:00:00Z, 072241, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-lnahuuk|