|Title||Rapid Flares from TeV Gamma-Ray Blazars|
|Author||Dr Wei Cui|
|Description||We propose to observe a known TeV gamma-ray blazar in outburst. The observation will be supported by coordinated ground-based observations at TeV energies. The main thrust of the proposed observation is to study the flaring phenomenon on sub-hour timescales jointly at X-ray and TeV energies. XMM covers a critical spectral range for studying TeV gamma-ray blazars, because the SED of such sources peaks in or near its passing band. The data will also allow investigations of correlated variability of the X-ray and TeV gamma-ray emission, spectral hysteresis, and hardness-intensity correlation. The results may shed significant light on the properties of emitting regions in the jets of TeV gamma-ray blazars, emission mechanisms, and the composition of the jets (i.e., leptonic vs hadronic).|
|Publication||Calibration and in-orbit performance of the reflection grating spectrometer onboard XMM-Newton . de Vries, C. P., den Herder, J. W., et all. . A&A . 573-128 . 2015 . 2015A&A...573A.128D ,
XMM-Newton publication statistics . Ness, J.-U., Parmar, A. N., et all. . AN . 335-210 . 2014 . 2014AN....335..210N ,
The Million Optical - Radio-X-ray Associations (MORX) Catalogue . Flesch, Eric W., . PASA . 33-52 . 2016 . 2016PASA...33...52F ,
A Search for Spectral Hysteresis and Energy-dependent Time Lags from X-Ray and TeV Gamma-Ray Observations of Mrk 421 . Abeysekara, A. U., Archambault, S., et all. . ApJ . 834-2 . 2017 . 2017ApJ...834....2A ,
Statistical Analysis on XMM-Newton X-Ray Flares of Mrk 421: Distributions of Peak Flux and Flaring Time Duration . Yan, Dahai, Yang, Shenbang, et all. . ApJ . 864-164 . 2018 . 2018ApJ...864..164Y ,
X-ray Flux and Spectral Variability of the TeV Blazars Mrk 421 and PKS 2155-304 . Gupta, Alok C., . Galax . 8-64 . 2020 . 2020Galax...8...64G ,
|Instrument||EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2|
|Mission Description||The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
|Publisher And Registrant||European Space Agency|
|Credit Guidelines||European Space Agency, 2015-05-27T22:00:00Z, 067092, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-uzkdadu|