A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name 065147
Title Measuring the Spin-down of The Nearby Isolated Neutron Star RX J0420.0-5022


DOI 10.5270/esa-qne6mwk
Author Prof David Kaplan
Description The seven nearest thermally emitting neutron stars may be the best way to sample the true demography of neutron stars, and arguably offer the best prospects for measuring neutron-star radii. Both tasks are limited by our ignorance of their magnetic field strengths, and hence we have been determining timing solutions with Chandra and XMM. The results so far show a surprising grouping of field strengths in a range intermediate between normal pulsars and magnetars, with a hint at an interaction between the thermal emission and magnetic field. Here, we propose to measure the spin-down of RX J0420.0-5022, which has the lowest temperature of the sample and will complete the spin-down measurements for thermally emitting neutron stars with confirmed periodicities.
Publication A Coherent Timing Solution for the Nearby, Thermally Emitting Isolated Neutron Star RX J0420.0-5022 . Kaplan, D. L., van Kerkwijk, M. H., . ApJ . 740-30 . 2011 . 2011ApJ...740L..30K ,
Serendipitous UV source catalogues for 10 years of XMM and 5 years of Swift . Yershov, V. N., . Ap&SS . 354-97 . 2014 . 2014Ap&SS.354...97Y ,
The Million Optical - Radio-X-ray Associations (MORX) Catalogue . Flesch, Eric W., . PASA . 33-52 . 2016 . 2016PASA...33...52F ,
The Optical-UV Excess of X-Ray-dim Isolated Neutron Stars. I. Bremsstrahlung Emission from a Strangeon Star Atmosphere . Wang, Weiyang, Lu, Jiguang, et all. . ApJ . 837-81 . 2017 . 2017ApJ...837...81W ,
The optical-UV excess of X-ray-dim isolated neutron star II. Nonuniformity of plasma on a strangeon star surface . Wang, Wei-Yang, Feng, Yi, et all. . RAA . 18-82 . 2018 . 2018RAA....18...82W ,
Universal detection of high-temperature emission in X-ray isolated neutron stars . Yoneyama, Tomokage, Hayashida, Kiyoshi, et all. . PASJ . 71-17 . 2019 . 2019PASJ...71...17Y ,
Hard X-Ray Excess from the Magnificent Seven Neutron Stars . Dessert, Christopher, Foster, Joshua W., . ApJ . 904-42 . 2020 . 2020ApJ...904...42D ,
Instrument EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2
Temporal Coverage 2010-03-30T11:55:07Z/2011-04-11T08:51:54Z
Version 17.56_20190403_1200
Mission Description The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
Creator Contact https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/xmm-newton/xmm-newton-helpdesk
Date Published 2012-05-04T00:00:00Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2012-05-04T00:00:00Z, 065147, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-qne6mwk