A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name 055569
Title Characterization and Evolution of the Supersoft X-ray Phase of Classical Novae


DOI 10.5270/esa-oghh9jg
Author Dr Guy Stringfellow
Description Outbursts of novae are driven by a thermonuclear runaway at the base of an accreted shell. Soft X-ray emission resulting from high surface temperatures on the WD after outburst are expected, but seldom observed (SSS phase). Some novae enter the SSS phase within a year after outburst, and quickly turn off thereafter (very fast ONeMg novae). Slow novae are delayed years after outburst before entering the SSS stage, which then last many years. ROSAT detected only 3 novae in their SSS state; XMM has now observed ~5. Insight into diversity and evolution of novae can be gained by determining when (or if) the SSS stage begins, when turnoff occurs, and how this relates to composition and the mass of the WD. We propose to observe a dozen novae to charaterize their x-ray emission and SSS timescales.
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Instrument EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2
Temporal Coverage 2008-09-03T01:29:09Z/2009-04-12T14:11:29Z
Version 17.56_20190403_1200
Mission Description The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
Creator Contact https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/xmm-newton/xmm-newton-helpdesk
Date Published 2010-10-27T00:00:00Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2010-10-27T00:00:00Z, 055569, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-oghh9jg