|Title||Identifying the Nearest and Brightest Neutron Stars|
|Author||Dr Derek Fox|
|Description||Using catalog cross-correlation and more than 400 ksec of Swift satellite X-ray and UV observations, we have identified 12 candidate neutron stars from among the 18,811 sources of the ROSAT Bright Source Catalog. With one of these now confirmed as the eighth isolated neutron star, .Calvera,. we request XMM-Newton observations of the ^en remaining to collect (1) Sub-arcsec positions; (2) High-quality X-ray spectra; and (3) X-ray timing data. These three parallel investigations will address vital physical properties of the sources and reveal whether, and in what respects, they resemble the known populations of neutron stars. This single program thus has the potential to dramatically increase the number of bright, nearby neutron stars that are known.|
|Publication||No observations found associated with the current proposal|
|Instrument||EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2|
|Mission Description||The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
|Publisher And Registrant||European Space Agency|
|Credit Guidelines||European Space Agency, 2009-09-27T00:00:00Z, 055532, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-f9uo723|