|Title||X-Ray Observations of Jupiter in Support of the New Horizons Flyby|
|Author||Dr G. Randall Gladstone|
|Description||On February 28th 2007, the New Horizons (NH) spacecraft will flyby Jupiter for a gravity assist to Pluto. Closest approach (C-A) is 32 Jupiter radii, but the NH instruments will conduct intensive studies from C-A-52d to C-A+100d. Important new studies of auroral and magnetospheric physics are planned that may be well- supported by Chandra observations. Chandra support of the Cassini flyby of Jupiter in 2000 led to a major revision of our understanding of Jupiter.s x-ray aurora. We propose 108ks of Chandra time to support three planned NH investigations; a time-variability study during approach, a multi-spectral morphology study near C-A, and a magnetotail dynamics study as NH heads to Pluto. In addition, we request 72ks of XMM-Newton time to investigate spectral differences at low energy.|
|Publication||No observations found associated with the current proposal|
|Instrument||EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, RGS1, RGS2|
|Mission Description||The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
|Publisher And Registrant||European Space Agency|
|Credit Guidelines||European Space Agency, 2008-03-30T00:00:00Z, 041378, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-hcfo9mw|