A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name 014580
Title Search for warm-hot gas associated with the Virgo cluster
URL

http://nxsa.esac.esa.int/nxsa-sl/servlet/data-action-aio?obsno=0145800101

DOI 10.5270/esa-wzrhlo4
Author Dr Ryuichi Fujimoto
Description The amount of baryons detected so far at z=0 is only about 20-30% of that detected at z=2, or calculated from the standard big-bang nucleosynthesis. This 'missing baryon. problem is now one of the most important topics in cosmology. Recent simulations predict that most of the baryons in the present Universe reside in a warm-hot intergalactic medium with temperatures of 10^5 - 10^7 K, associated with clusters of galaxies. In order to probe this warm-hot gas, we propose to observe a quasar behind the Virgo cluster with RGS, and measure the resonant absorption line of O VIII Ly alpha at 653.6eV. This provides a unique opportunity to settle the missing baryon problem and to understand the formation of the large-scale cosmological structure.
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Stellar mass as a galaxy cluster mass proxy: application to the Dark Energy Survey redMaPPer clusters . Palmese, A., Annis, J., et all. . MNRAS . 493-4591 . 2020 . 2020MNRAS.493.4591P ,
X-ray properties of the X-CLASS-redMaPPer galaxy cluster sample: the luminosity-temperature relation . Molham, Mona, Clerc, Nicolas, et all. . MNRAS . 494-161 . 2020 . 2020MNRAS.494..161M ,
Accretion History of AGNs. II. Constraints on AGN Spectral Parameters Using the Cosmic X-Ray Background . Ananna, Tonima Tasnim, Treister, Ezequiel, et all. . ApJ . 889-17 . 2020 . 2020ApJ...889...17A ,
A Comparison of X-Ray Photon Indices among the Narrow- and Broad-line Seyfert 1 Galaxies . Ojha, Vineet, Chand, Hum, et all. . ApJ . 896-95 . 2020 . 2020ApJ...896...95O ,
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SPIDERS: overview of the X-ray galaxy cluster follow-up and the final spectroscopic data release . Clerc, N., Kirkpatrick, C. C., et all. . MNRAS . 497-3976 . 2020 . 2020MNRAS.497.3976C ,
Instrument EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2
Temporal Coverage 2003-07-13T08:38:51Z/2003-07-14T14:22:13Z
Version 17.56_20190403_1200
Mission Description The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
Creator Contact https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/xmm-newton/xmm-newton-helpdesk
Date Published 2004-09-01T00:00:00Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2004-09-01T00:00:00Z, 014580, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-wzrhlo4