|Title||XMM observations of M87, the central galaxy of Virgo|
|Author||Dr Fred Jansen XMM-Newton PS|
|Description||M87 as the central galaxy of the nearest galaxy cluster, the Virgo cluster, is the best laboratory to study the astrophsics of a walth of phenomena concerning the intracluster plasma and its interaction with the central galaxy and its AGN. The most interesting observations are related to the measurement of the element abundances and the temperature structure of the intracluster plasma, the detailed study of the cooling flow, the study of the very interesting interactrion of tehe jet and the radio lobes originating in th AGN of M87 with the intracluster environment, and the detailed assessment of the mass and dark matter distribution in the halo of M87. Due to its closeness M87 offers the opportunity to study these processes in much more detail than any other system.|
|Publication||No observations found associated with the current proposal|
|Instrument||EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2|
|Mission Description||The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
|Publisher And Registrant||European Space Agency|
|Credit Guidelines||European Space Agency, 2001-11-07T00:00:00Z, 011412, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-illuxuu|