|Title||Temperature Map and Structure of 3 Galaxy Clusters|
|Author||Dr Bernd Aschenbach|
|Description||GT-We propose to observe 3 X-ray bright galaxy clusters with the main goals to obtain temperature maps and highly resolved surface brightness maps. Nearby galaxy clusters are known to show temperature variations, as has been measured by ROSAT and ASCA, and all show significant substructure. Both is interpreted as the result of ongoing merging events. The proposed measurements will allow to determine the spatially resolved gas temperature down to the square-arcmin level as well as in rings out to the virial radius. Together with the obtained surface brightness maps, this will allow to determine the dynamical state of the clusters and their gravitational mass. The maps will also be used to fine-tune hydrodynamical simulations of merging clusters.|
|Publication||No observations found associated with the current proposal|
|Instrument||EPN, RGS1, OM, RGS2, EMOS1, EMOS2|
|Mission Description||The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
|Publisher And Registrant||European Space Agency|
|Credit Guidelines||European Space Agency, 2004-04-02T00:00:00Z, 010526, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-4wx6hgp|