A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name 005599
Title Gas and Metal Losses from Interacting and Merging Galaxies
URL

http://nxsa.esac.esa.int/nxsa-sl/servlet/data-action-aio?obsno=0055990201
http://nxsa.esac.esa.int/nxsa-sl/servlet/data-action-aio?obsno=0055990301
http://nxsa.esac.esa.int/nxsa-sl/servlet/data-action-aio?obsno=0055990501

DOI 10.5270/esa-bem6871
Author Dr Andrew Read
Description The idea that ellipticals can be formed from the merger of two spirals is a key concept in modern astrophysics. An outstanding issue however, is that of how the gas is removed from the system. Our previous work with ROSAT hinted that the mechanism was massive gas ejection at the nuclear merger stage. Details of the expelled gas properties, at various stages of the merger process, can now be explored for the first time by utilizing the high sensitivity and resolution of XMM. Such a study will constrain our understanding of the merger process, the physics of star formation and gas ejection, elliptical galaxy formation, the enrichment of the IGM, and the baryon content of the universe.
Publication Exploring the X-ray sky with the XMM-Newton bright serendipitous survey . Della Ceca, R., Maccacaro, T., et all. . A&A . 428-383 . 2004 . 2004A&A...428..383D ,
High-precision multi-band measurements of the angular clustering of X-ray sources . Ebrero, J., Mateos, S., et all. . A&A . 500-749 . 2009 . 2009A&A...500..749E ,
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The X-ray Energy Dependence of the Relation Between Optical and X-ray Emission in Quasars . Young, M., Elvis, M., . ApJ . 708-1388 . 2010 . 2010ApJ...708.1388Y ,
An Extremely Luminous Panchromatic Outburst from the Nucleus of a Distant Galaxy . Levan, A. J., Tanvir, N. R., et all. . Sci . 333-199 . 2011 . 2011Sci...333..199L ,
New constraints on the X-ray spectral properties of type 1 active galactic nuclei . Scott, A. E., Stewart, G. C., et all. . MNRAS . 417-992 . 2011 . 2011MNRAS.417..992S ,
The x-ray luminous galaxy cluster population at 0.9 < z ≲ 1.6 as revealed by the XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project . Fassbender, R., Bohringer, H., et all. . NJPh . 13-125014 . 2011 . 2011NJPh...13l5014F ,
Warm-hot intergalactic medium contribution to baryonic matter . Soltan, A. M., . A&A . 460-59 . 2006 . ...,
Statistical evaluation of the flux cross-calibration of the XMM-Newton EPIC cameras . Mateos, S., Saxton, R. D., et all. . A&A . 496-879 . 2009 . 2009A&A...496..879M ,
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The XMM-SSC survey of hard-spectrum XMM-Newton sources - I. Optically bright sources . Page, M. J., Lehmann, I., et all. . MNRAS . 378-1335 . 2007 . 2007MNRAS.378.1335P ,
The Difference in Narrow Fe Kalpha Line Emission Between Seyfert 1 and Seyfert 2 Galaxies . Liu, Teng, Wang, Jun-Xian, . ApJ . 725-2381 . 2010 . 2010ApJ...725.2381L ,
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The XMM-Newton EPIC background: Production of background maps and event files . Read, A. M., Ponman, T. J., . A&A . 409-395 . 2003 . 2003A&A...409..395R ,
The XMM-Newton EPIC background and the production of background blank sky event files . Carter, J. A., Read, A. M., . A&A . 464-1155 . 2007 . 2007A&A...464.1155C ,
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The XMM-Newton serendipitous survey. VI. The X-ray luminosity function . Ebrero, J., Carrera, F. J., et all. . A&A . 493-55 . 2009 . 2009A&A...493...55E ,
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The X-ray spectral properties of the AGN population in the XMM-Newton bright serendipitous survey . Corral, A., Della Ceca, R., et all. . A&A . 530-42 . 2011 . 2011A&A...530A..42C ,
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An XMM-Newton spectral survey of 12 mum selected galaxies - I. X-ray data . Brightman, Murray, Nandra, Kirpal, . MNRAS . 413-1206 . 2011 . 2011MNRAS.413.1206B ,
A serendipitous XMM survey of the SDSS: the evolution of the colour-magnitude diagram of X-ray AGN from z= 0.8 to 0.1 . Georgakakis, Antonis, Nandra, K., . MNRAS . 414-992 . 2011 . 2011MNRAS.414..992G ,
An All-Sky Atlas of Radio-X-ray Associations . Flesch, E., . PASA . 27-283 . 2010 . 2010PASA...27..283F ,
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An XMM-Newton spectral survey of 12 mum selected galaxies - II. Implications for AGN selection and unification . Brightman, Murray, Nandra, Kirpal, . MNRAS . 414-3084 . 2011 . 2011MNRAS.414.3084B ,
Mining for normal galaxies in the first XMM-Newton Serendipitous Source Catalog . Georgakakis, A. E., Chavushyan, V., et all. . MNRAS . 367-1017 . 2006 . 2006MNRAS.367.1017G ,
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An X-ray view of 82 LINERs with Chandra and XMM-Newton data . Gonzalez-Martin, O., Masegosa, J., et all. . A&A . 506-1107 . 2009 . 2009A&A...506.1107G ,
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The XMM Cluster Survey: X-ray analysis methodology . Lloyd-Davies, E. J., Romer, A. Kathy, et all. . MNRAS . 418-14 . 2011 . 2011MNRAS.418...14L ,
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The cosmological analysis of X-ray cluster surveys - II. Application of the CR-HR method to the XMM archive . Clerc, N., Sadibekova, T., et all. . MNRAS . 423-3561 . 2012 . 2012MNRAS.423.3561C ,
An XMM-Newton Survey of the Soft X-Ray Background. II. An All-Sky Catalog of Diffuse O VII and O VIII Emission Intensities . Henley, David B., Shelton, Robin L., . ApJS . 202-14 . 2012 . 2012ApJS..202...14H ,
The XMM-Newton serendipitous ultraviolet source survey catalogue . Page, M. J., Brindle, C., et all. . MNRAS . 426-903 . 2012 . 2012MNRAS.426..903P ,
Investigation of Dual Active Nuclei, Outflows, Shock-heated Gas, and Young Star Clusters in Markarian 266 . Mazzarella, J. M., Iwasawa, K., et all. . AJ . 144-125 . 2012 . 2012AJ....144..125M ,
Using the Bright Ultrahard XMM-Newton survey to define an IR selection of luminous AGN based on WISE colours . Mateos, S., Alonso-Herrero, A., et all. . MNRAS . 426-3271 . 2012 . 2012MNRAS.426.3271M ,
Cross-correlation of the 2XMMi catalogue with Data Release 7 of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey . Pineau, F.-X., Motch, C., et all. . A&A . 527-126 . 2011 . 2011A&A...527A.126P ,
A systematic cross-search for radio-infrared counterparts of XMM- Newton sources . Combi, J. A., Albacete Colombo, J. F., et all. . Ap&SS . 331-53 . 2011 . 2011Ap&SS.331...53C ,
Exploring X-ray and radio emission of type 1 AGN up to z ~ 2.3 . Ballo, L., Heras, F. J. H., et all. . A&A . 545-66 . 2012 . 2012A&A...545A..66B ,
The XMM-Newton serendipitous source catalogue . Watson, M. G., Pye, J. P., et all. . AN . 324-89 . 2003 . 2003AN....324...89W ,
The 2-8 keV cosmic X-ray background spectrum as observed with XMM-Newton . De Luca, A., Molendi, S., . A&A . 419-837 . 2004 . 2004A&A...419..837D ,
The Fifth Data Release Sloan Digital Sky Survey-XMM-Newton Quasar Survey . Young, M., Elvis, M., . ApJS . 183-17 . 2009 . 2009ApJS..183...17Y ,
A statistical relation between the X-ray spectral index and Eddington ratio of active galactic nuclei in deep surveys . Brightman, M., Silverman, J. D., et all. . MNRAS . 433-2485 . 2013 . 2013MNRAS.433.2485B ,
Uncovering obscured luminous AGN with WISE . Mateos, S., Alonso-Herrero, A., et all. . MNRAS . 434-941 . 2013 . 2013MNRAS.434..941M ,
Automatic Classification of Time-variable X-Ray Sources . Lo, Kitty K., Farrell, Sean, et all. . ApJ . 786-20 . 2014 . 2014ApJ...786...20L ,
Serendipitous UV source catalogues for 10 years of XMM and 5 years of Swift . Yershov, V. N., . Ap&SS . 354-97 . 2014 . 2014Ap&SS.354...97Y ,
Obscuration-dependent Evolution of Active Galactic Nuclei . Buchner, Johannes, Georgakakis, Antonis, et all. . ApJ . 802-89 . 2015 . 2015ApJ...802...89B ,
Revisiting the relationship between 6 mum and 2-10 keV continuum luminosities of AGN . Mateos, S., Carrera, F. J., et all. . MNRAS . 449-1422 . 2015 . 2015MNRAS.449.1422M ,
ERRATUM: "The Fifth Data Release Sloan Digital Sky Survey-XMM-Newton Quasar Survey" (2009, ApJS, 183, 17) . Young, M., Elvis, M., . ApJS . 185-250 . 2009 . 2009ApJS..185..250Y ,
The relationship between [O III]lambda5007 A equivalent width and obscuration in active galactic nuclei . Caccianiga, A., Severgnini, P., . MNRAS . 415-1928 . 2011 . 2011MNRAS.415.1928C ,
Sunyaev-Zel.dovich effect or not? Detecting the main foreground effect of most galaxy clusters . Xiao, Weike, Chen, Chen, et all. . MNRAS . 432-41 . 2013 . 2013MNRAS.432L..41X ,
Do the spectral energy distributions of type 1 active galactic nuclei show diversity? . Scott, A. E., Stewart, G. C., . MNRAS . 438-2253 . 2014 . 2014MNRAS.438.2253S ,
Swift follow-up of IceCube triggers, and implications for the Advanced-LIGO era . Evans, P. A., Osborne, J. P., et all. . MNRAS . 448-2210 . 2015 . 2015MNRAS.448.2210E ,
XMM-Newton publication statistics . Ness, J.-U., Parmar, A. N., et all. . AN . 335-210 . 2014 . 2014AN....335..210N ,
The Interaction of the Fermi Bubbles with the Milky Way.s Hot Gas Halo . Miller, Matthew J., Bregman, Joel N., . ApJ . 829-9 . 2016 . 2016ApJ...829....9M ,
SPIDERS: the spectroscopic follow-up of X-ray selected clusters of galaxies in SDSS-IV . Clerc, N., Merloni, A., et all. . MNRAS . 463-4490 . 2016 . 2016MNRAS.463.4490C ,
The Million Optical - Radio-X-ray Associations (MORX) Catalogue . Flesch, Eric W., . PASA . 33-52 . 2016 . 2016PASA...33...52F ,
Studying Cosmic Evolution with the XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project: X-ray Luminous Galaxy Clusters at z>~1 and their Galaxy Populations . Fassbender, Rene, . PhDT . 0-116 . 2008 . 2008PhDT.......116F ,
AGN spectral states from simultaneous UV and X-ray observations by XMM-Newton . Svoboda, J., Guainazzi, M., . A&A . 603-127 . 2017 . 2017A&A...603A.127S ,
Distant clusters of galaxies in the 2XMM-SDSS footprint: follow-up observations with the LBT . Rabitz, A., Lamer, G., et all. . A&A . 607-56 . 2017 . 2017A&A...607A..56R ,
Anisotropy of the galaxy cluster X-ray luminosity-temperature relation . Migkas, Konstantinos, Reiprich, Thomas H., . A&A . 611-50 . 2018 . 2018A&A...611A..50M ,
The Near-infrared CO Absorption Band as a Probe to the Innermost Part of an AGN-obscuring Material . Baba, Shunsuke, Nakagawa, Takao, et all. . ApJ . 852-83 . 2018 . 2018ApJ...852...83B ,
The XMM Cluster Survey: Present status and latest results . Viana, P. T. P., Mehrtens, N., et all. . AN . 334-462 . 2013 . 2013AN....334..462V ,
The Spectrum of the Universe . Hill, Ryley, Masui, Kiyoshi W., . ApSpe . 72-663 . 2018 . 2018ApSpe..72..663H ,
The Massive and Distant Clusters of WISE Survey. I. Survey Overview and a Catalog of >2000 Galaxy Clusters at z ~= 1 . Gonzalez, Anthony H., Gettings, Daniel P., et all. . ApJS . 240-33 . 2019 . 2019ApJS..240...33G ,
A new, clean catalogue of extragalactic non-nuclear X-ray sources in nearby galaxies . Earnshaw, H. P., Roberts, T. P., et all. . MNRAS . 483-5554 . 2019 . 2019MNRAS.483.5554E ,
The evolving X-ray spectrum of active galactic nuclei: Evidence for an increasing reflection fraction with redshift . Avirett-Mackenzie, M. S., Ballantyne, D. R., . MNRAS . 486-3488 . 2019 . 2019MNRAS.486.3488A ,
Broad-band X-ray analysis of local mid-infrared-selected Compton-thick AGN candidates . La Caria, M.-M., Vignali, C., et all. . MNRAS . 487-1662 . 2019 . 2019MNRAS.487.1662L ,
A Wide and Deep Exploration of Radio Galaxies with Subaru HSC (WERGS). II. Physical Properties Derived from the SED Fitting with Optical, Infrared, and Radio Data . Toba, Yoshiki, Yamashita, Takuji, et all. . ApJS . 243-15 . 2019 . 2019ApJS..243...15T ,
Testing emergent gravity on galaxy cluster scales . Tamosiunas, Andrius, Bacon, David, et all. . JCAP . 5-53 . 2019 . 2019JCAP...05..053T ,
Water masers in Compton-thick AGN. II. The high detection rate and EVN observations of IRAS 15480-0344<-> . Castangia, P., Surcis, G., et all. . A&A . 629-25 . 2019 . 2019A&A...629A..25C ,
Chandra Follow-up of the SDSS DR8 Redmapper Catalog Using the MATCha Pipeline . Hollowood, Devon L., Jeltema, Tesla, et all. . ApJS . 244-22 . 2019 . 2019ApJS..244...22H ,
Stellar mass as a galaxy cluster mass proxy: application to the Dark Energy Survey redMaPPer clusters . Palmese, A., Annis, J., et all. . MNRAS . 493-4591 . 2020 . 2020MNRAS.493.4591P ,
X-ray properties of the X-CLASS-redMaPPer galaxy cluster sample: the luminosity-temperature relation . Molham, Mona, Clerc, Nicolas, et all. . MNRAS . 494-161 . 2020 . 2020MNRAS.494..161M ,
Accretion History of AGNs. II. Constraints on AGN Spectral Parameters Using the Cosmic X-Ray Background . Ananna, Tonima Tasnim, Treister, Ezequiel, et all. . ApJ . 889-17 . 2020 . 2020ApJ...889...17A ,
A Comparison of X-Ray Photon Indices among the Narrow- and Broad-line Seyfert 1 Galaxies . Ojha, Vineet, Chand, Hum, et all. . ApJ . 896-95 . 2020 . 2020ApJ...896...95O ,
Multiwavelength classification of X-ray selected galaxy cluster candidates using convolutional neural networks . Kosiba, Matej, Lieu, Maggie, et all. . MNRAS . 496-4141 . 2020 . 2020MNRAS.496.4141K ,
A Compton-thick nucleus in the dual active galactic nuclei of Mrk 266 . Iwasawa, K., Ricci, C., et all. . A&A . 640-95 . 2020 . 2020A&A...640A..95I ,
SPIDERS: overview of the X-ray galaxy cluster follow-up and the final spectroscopic data release . Clerc, N., Kirkpatrick, C. C., et all. . MNRAS . 497-3976 . 2020 . 2020MNRAS.497.3976C ,
A new multiwavelength census of blazars . Paggi, A., Bonato, M., et all. . A&A . 641-62 . 2020 . 2020A&A...641A..62P ,
Instrument EMOS1, EMOS2, EPN, OM, RGS1, RGS2
Temporal Coverage 2001-11-13T00:10:38Z/2002-05-15T15:42:45Z
Version 17.56_20190403_1200
Mission Description The European Space Agency's (ESA) X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission (XMM-Newton) was launched by an Ariane 504 on December 10th 1999. XMM-Newton is ESA's second cornerstone of the Horizon 2000 Science Programme. It carries 3 high throughput X-ray telescopes with an unprecedented effective area, and an optical monitor, the first flown on a X-ray observatory. The large collecting area and ability to make long uninterrupted exposures provide highly sensitive observations.
Since Earth's atmosphere blocks out all X-rays, only a telescope in space can detect and study celestial X-ray sources. The XMM-Newton mission is helping scientists to solve a number of cosmic mysteries, ranging from the enigmatic black holes to the origins of the Universe itself. Observing time on XMM-Newton is being made available to the scientific community, applying for observational periods on a competitive basis.
Creator Contact https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/xmm-newton/xmm-newton-helpdesk
Date Published 2003-06-09T00:00:00Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2003-06-09T00:00:00Z, 005599, 17.56_20190403_1200. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-bem6871