A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name SDP_tmegeath_4
Title The Herschel Orion Protostar Survey (HOPS)


DOI 10.5270/esa-z4mw2kz
Author megeath, t.
Description Understanding protostellar evolution is a necessary step toward characterizing the factors which ultimately determine the properties of emerging stars and their planetary systems. We propose PACS imaging and spectroscopy of protostars identified in Spitzer surveys of the Orion molecular cloud complex. This is the richest known sample of protostars at a common distance within 450 pc of the Sun. Deep PACS 70 and 160 micron imaging will be obtained for 283 protostars ranging in luminosity from 0.1 to 1000 Lsun and spanning the Class 0, Class I and flat spectrum evolutionary phases. The high sensitivity and angular resolution will enable us to measure bolometric luminosities in crowded fields, removing potentially significant contributions from external heating. In concert with existing near-IR and Spitzer mid-IR images and spectra, the deep PACS imaging will be used to determine the fundamental properties of the protostellar envelopes and disks (properties such as envelope structure, density and angular momentum, disk luminosity). PACS spectroscopy of 37 protostars will be used to measure water vapor, OH and O lines arising in the envelope, in the accretion shock onto the central protostellar disk, and in outflows. These data will provide an unparalleled view of the flow of material from the envelope onto the disk, through the disk to the star, and away from the star in outflows. The Orion molecular cloud complex contains an exceptionally wide range of parental gas conditions (i.e. initial conditions) and environments (from dense clusters to relatively isolated protostars). By comparing the properties of protostars in different regions of Orion clouds; we will assess the roles of initial conditions, environment and feedback from outflows in guiding protostellar evolution. These observations will produce a unique legacy dataset for guiding and testing a theory of protostellar evolution.
Publication Protostellar classification using supervised machine learning algorithms . Miettinen O. et al. . Astrophysics and Space Science, Volume 363, Issue 9, article id. 197, 15 pp. . 363 . 10.1007\/s10509-018-3418-7 . 2018Ap&SS.363..197M ,
Hier ist wahrhaftig ein Loch im Himmel. The NGC 1999 dark globule is not a globule . Stanke T. et al. . Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 518, id.L94, 5 pp. . 518 . 10.1051\/0004-6361\/201014612 . 2010A&A...518L..94S ,
A Multi-band Catalog of 10978 Star Clusters, Associations, and Candidates in the Milky Way . Bica Eduardo et al. . The Astronomical Journal, Volume 157, Issue 1, article id. 12, 14 pp. (2019). . 157 . 10.3847\/1538-3881\/aaef8d . 2019AJ....157...12B ,
The Herschel Orion Protostar Survey: Spectral Energy Distributions and Fits Using a Grid of Protostellar Models . Furlan E. et al. . The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Volume 224, Issue 1, article id. 5, 45 pp. (2016). . 224 . 10.3847\/0067-0049\/224\/1\/5 . 2016ApJS..224....5F ,
Predicted colors and flux densities of protostars in the Herschel PACS and SPIRE filters . Ali B. et al. . Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 518, id.L119, 4 pp. . 518 . 10.1051\/0004-6361\/201014599 . 2010A&A...518L.119A ,
The Herschel Orion Protostar Survey: Luminosity and Envelope Evolution . Fischer William J. et al. . The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 840, Issue 2, article id. 69, 17 pp. (2017). . 840 . 10.3847\/1538-4357\/aa6d69 . 2017ApJ...840...69F ,
Herschel-PACS imaging of prot...
Instrument PACS_PacsRangeSpec_point, PACS_PacsPhoto_largeScan
Temporal Coverage 2009-10-09T10:05:16Z/2010-02-28T18:40:15Z
Version SPG v14.2.0
Mission Description Herschel was launched on 14 May 2009! It is the fourth 'cornerstone' mission in the ESA science programme. With a 3.5 m Cassegrain telescope it is the largest space telescope ever launched. It is performing photometry and spectroscopy in approximately the 55-671 ┬Ám range, bridging the gap between earlier infrared space missions and groundbased facilities.
Creator Contact https://support.cosmos.esa.int/herschel/
Date Published 2010-04-09T17:16:35Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2010-04-09T17:16:35Z, SDP_tmegeath_4, SPG v14.2.0. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-z4mw2kz