A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name OT2_fisrael_2
Title HIFI observations of carbon in the Magellanic Clouds: sampling low-metallicity ISM physics
URL

http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342254892&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342256342&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342256343&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342256461&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342259735&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263044&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263045&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263227&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263228&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263229&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263230&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
...
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263233&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263234&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263235&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263236&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263237&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263238&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263239&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263438&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263440&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263441&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true
http://archives.esac.esa.int/hsa/whsa-tap-server/data?retrieval_type=OBSERVATION&observation_id=1342263442&instrument_name=HIFI&product_level=LEVEL0&compress=true

DOI 10.5270/esa-21yop84
Author israel, f. p.
Description Stars form in dense, cold clouds of molecular hydrogen (H2), best observed in lines of the tracer carbon monoxide (CO). As stars turn on, the dense gas is heated, ionisation occurs, and a photon-dominated region (PDR) is formed. Here, CO dissociates to neutral carbon, much of which is subsequently ionized. Both neutral and ionized carbon cool the interstellar gas by strong line emission at far-infrared-sub-millimeter wavelengths. Thus, CO emission is a good tracer for cold and dense, [CI] for warm dense, and [CII] for warm tenuouis gas. Cold tenuous gas is traced by neutral atomic hydrogen emission. Galaxies have different metallicities and gradients, strongly affecting the physical processes ruling the heating and cooling of the interstellar medium (ISM). In order to understand the ISM in distant galaxies, we need to understand how metallicities and radiation fields affect ISM physics. By observing the ISM in the low-metallicity Large and Small Magellanic Clouds, the response of the ISM to various radiation fields is gauged as a function of the very different metallicities of the SMC, the LMC, and the Milky Way. We have selected in the LMC and the SMC interstellar clouds exposed to a range of radiation field intensities. Ideally, we would fully map these clouds, but time constraints limit us to strips in lines requiring long integration times: the 1.9 THz [CII] and 809 GHz [CI] lines, which are in effect unobservable from the ground, requiring Herschel space-borne observations, to complement a series of CO and [CI] (492 GHz) observations from the ground. Together with HI maps, they will provide us with the carbon and hydrogen budgets, and determine, in detail, the distribution of the various carbon phases over a wide range of phyical conditions. Analysis of the HI-[CI]-[CII]-CO-H2 interfaces is well-feasible thanks to the advanced ISM-PDR codes developed by members of our team.
Publication
Instrument HIFI_HifiMapping_load-raster
Temporal Coverage 2012-11-10T03:06:52Z/2013-02-09T16:04:26Z
Version SPG v14.2.0
Mission Description Herschel was launched on 14 May 2009! It is the fourth 'cornerstone' mission in the ESA science programme. With a 3.5 m Cassegrain telescope it is the largest space telescope ever launched. It is performing photometry and spectroscopy in approximately the 55-671 ┬Ám range, bridging the gap between earlier infrared space missions and groundbased facilities.
Creator Contact https://support.cosmos.esa.int/herschel/
Date Published 2013-08-09T14:32:58Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2013-08-09T14:32:58Z, OT2_fisrael_2, SPG v14.2.0. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-21yop84