A dataset provided by the European Space Agency

Name OT1_gclayton_1
Title Clues to the Evolutionary History of the R Coronae Borealis Stars
URL

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DOI 10.5270/esa-bcf0106
Author clayton, g.
Description The unexpected discovery that the R Coronae Borealis (RCB) stars have isotopic abundances of 18O which are up to 500 times greater than those seen in other stars has increased the likelihood that these rare hydrogen-deficient carbon stars are the result of a double degenerate white dwarf (WD) merger (DD) rather than a final helium shell flash (FF). But other pieces of the puzzle have yet to be explained. For instance, a few RCB stars, including R CrB itself, show enhanced Li abundances, which favors the FF scenario. Also, IRAS images show that several RCB stars possess large dust shells which are consistent with fossil Planetary Nebula (PN) shells where the gas is no longer ionized. If these are PN shells, then that would point strongly toward the FF scenario. But other explanations for the dust shells include the FF outburst itself and new dust from the recent RCB phase. In addition, newly acquired Herschel-Spire images have called into question the reality of the shells themselves. The much improved spatial resolution over previous IRAS and MIPS images shows that some or all of the R CrB 100-micron shell is due to a cluster of galaxies lying directly behind the star. It is imperative that new high spatial resolution PACS and Spire images be obtained to verify the existence of these RCB star dust shells, as well as to analyze the morphology of the shells to deduce their nature and help decide between the DD and the FF scenarios. Furthermore, the new Herschel images, covering the wavelength range 70-500 microns, will be used together with archival IRAS, Spitzer and other datasets to produce SEDs for each star which will be modeled using Monte Carlo radiative transfer codes to determine the total dust mass, and total mass loss over the lifetime of the stars. It is a very exciting prospect that the RCB stars could be shown to be the product of a WD merger. This small group of stars would beco...
Publication The Double Dust Envelopes of R Coronae Borealis Stars . Montiel Edward J. et al. . The Astronomical Journal, Volume 156, Issue 4, article id. 148, 25 pp. (2018). . 156 . 10.3847\/1538-3881\/aad772 . 2018AJ....156..148M ,
Instrument PACS_PacsPhoto_largeScan, SPIRE_SpirePhoto_large
Temporal Coverage 2011-03-13T21:45:29Z/2013-04-26T14:11:27Z
Version SPG v14.2.0
Mission Description Herschel was launched on 14 May 2009! It is the fourth 'cornerstone' mission in the ESA science programme. With a 3.5 m Cassegrain telescope it is the largest space telescope ever launched. It is performing photometry and spectroscopy in approximately the 55-671 ┬Ám range, bridging the gap between earlier infrared space missions and groundbased facilities.
Creator Contact https://support.cosmos.esa.int/herschel/
Date Published 2013-10-26T13:40:30Z
Publisher And Registrant European Space Agency
Credit Guidelines European Space Agency, 2013-10-26T13:40:30Z, OT1_gclayton_1, SPG v14.2.0. https://doi.org/10.5270/esa-bcf0106