Mapping observations re-gridded to remove high resolution spectra
Rosalind Hopwood, ESAC SPIRE Instrument and Calibration Scientist
12th December 2016, v1
There are 22 SPIRE Spectrometer mapping observations that suffer from one or
more individual spectra that have higher than expected spectral resolution.
In the Herschel Science Archive, the final standard product generation (SPG)
produced hyper-spectral cubes (cubes) reports the highest resolution of all
the spectra included when projecting the cube. This value is stored in the
top-level metadata, with the FITS keyword
ACTRES. The best spectral resolution
expected for high-resolution SPIRE Spectrometer data is 1.18448225 GHz, which
is representative for nearly all the spatial-pixels of any spectral cube where
one or more of the constituent spectra have degraded resolution. This is due
to the large number of spectra projected into any given cube and because the
degraded spectra are always towards the outer ring of either of the
Spectrometer bolometer detector arrays. For both of these reasons the 22
mapping observations in question can be re-gridded without change to the
majority of their spatial pixels, although one or more pixels (of low quality)
can be lost at the edge of the map.
As there is minimal change or loss of data when re-projecting mapping observations with the degraded resolution spectra omitted, and as the value of ACTRES in the associated standard pipeline products is not representative of the associated cubes as a whole, the mapping observations that suffer from one or more degraded spectra have been re-gridded to be provided as HPDPs. The new cubes, therefore, all report an actual unpadded spectral resolution of 1.18448225 GHz in their metadata.
The spectra used to create the new cubes were reduced with HIPE version 14.1,
The cubes are extended-source calibrated in standard Spectrometer surface brightness units of W/m2/Hz/sr and presented in the same format as their HSA counterpart. There are four cubes per observation affected: Naive projected, convolution projected (CP), and apodized versions of these. All 22 observations were taken in high-resolution (HR) mode.
Each product is provided as a gzipped FITS file, which are named with the convention:
OBSID is the observation identification number,
PROJECTION is either “naive” or “cp”
The files size ranges from 1.1 MB to 28.7 MB.
These data have been made available to avoid confusion over their science readiness, and spectral resolution, and the need to re-project the cubes before they can be analysed.
There are two Spectrometer bolometer detector arrays (the long wavelength, SLW,
and short wavelength, SSW, arrays). Not all of the observations reprocessed
suffered degraded resolution spectra for both arrays. Where only one array was
affected, only one re-gridded HPDP cube is offered. A list of the reprocessed
observations and which array was affected are below, where
True indicates a
The folder postcards contains a simple comparison of the cubes in the HSA and the regridded ones. A 2-D image was extracted from each cube by integrating over the frequencies from 1400 to 1450 GHz for SSW and from 600 to 650 GHz for SLW. The postcard shows both images together, using the same scale and colour table. There is no visible difference in most cases as the effect is really small and only involves pixels at the edge of the coverage.